The Traditional Catholic Liturgy

Adapted from The Liturgical Year by Dom Prosper Guéranger OSB.

Feast of St. John, Apostle and Evangelist – December 27

St. John the EvangelistNearest to Jesus' Crib, after St. Stephen, stands St. John the Apostle and Evangelist. It was only right that the first place should be assigned to him, who so loved his God that he shed first his blood in His service; for, as this God Himself declares, greater love than this hath no man, that he lay down his life for his friends (John 15: 13), and Martyrdom has ever been counted by the Church as the greatest act of love, and as having, consequently, the power of remitting sins, like a second Baptism. But next to the sacrifice of Blood, the noblest, the bravest sacrifice, and that which most wins the heart of Him Who is the Spouse of souls, is the sacrifice of Virginity. Now as St. Stephen is looked upon as the type of Martyrs, St. John is honored as the Prince of Virgins. Martyrdom won for St. Stephen the Crown and Palm; Virginity merited for St. John most singular prerogatives, which, while they show how dear to God is holy Chastity, put this Disciple among those who by their dignity and influence are above the rest of men.

St. John was of the family of David, as was our Blessed Lady; he was consequently a relation of Jesus. This same honor belonged to St. James the Greater, his brother; as also to St. James the Less and St. Jude, both sons of Alpheus. When our Saint was in the prime of his youth, he left not only his boat and nets, not only his father Zebedee, but even his betrothed, when everything was prepared for the marriage. He followed Jesus, and never once looked back—hence the special love which Our Lord bore him. Others were Disciples or Apostles—St. John was the Friend of Jesus. The cause of this partiality of Our Lord was, as the Church tells us in the Liturgy, that St. John had offered his Virginity to the Man-God. Let us on his Feast enumerate the graces and privileges that came to St. John from his being the Disciple whom Jesus loved.

This very expression of the Gospel, which the Evangelist repeats several times—the Disciple whom Jesus loved (John 13: 23; 19: 26; 21: 7; 21: 10)—says more than any commentary could do. St. Peter, it is true, was chosen by Our Divine Lord to be the Head of the Apostolic College, and the Rock whereupon the Church was to be built: he, then, was honored most; but St. John was loved most. St. Peter was bid to love more than the rest loved, and he was able to say, in answer to Jesus' thrice repeated question, that he did love Him in this highest way: and yet, notwithstanding, St. John was more loved by Jesus than was St. Peter himself, because his Virginity deserved this special mark of honor.

Last SupperChastity of soul and body brings him who possesses it into a sacred nearness and intimacy with God. Hence it was that at the Last Supper—at which was instituted that Sacrifice which was to be renewed on our Altars to the end of the world, in order to cure our spiritual infirmities and give life to our souls—Saint John was placed near Jesus, nay, was permitted, as the tenderly beloved Disciple, to lean his head upon the Breast of the Man-God. Then it was that he was filled, from their very Fountain, with Light and Love: it was both a recompense and a favor, and became the source of two signal graces, which make Saint John an object of special reverence to the whole Church.

Divine wisdom wishing to make known to the world the Mystery of the Word, and commit to Scripture those profound secrets which, so far, no pen of any mortal had been permitted to write, the task was put upon St. John. St. Peter had been crucified, St. Paul had been beheaded, and the rest of the Apostles had laid down their lives in testimony of the Truths they had been sent to preach to the world; St. John was the only original Apostle left in the Church. Heresy had already begun its blasphemies against the Apostolic Teachings; it refused to admit the Incarnate Word as the Son of God, Consubstantial to the Father. St. John was asked by the Churches to speak, and he did so in language heavenly above measure. His Divine Master had reserved to this His Virgin-Disciple the honor of writing those sublime Mysteries which the other Apostles had been commissioned only to teach—THE WORD WAS GOD, and this WORD WAS MADE FLESH for the salvation of mankind. Thus did our Evangelist soar, like the ,Eagle, up to the Divine Sun, and gaze upon Him with undazzled eye, because his heart and senses were pure, and therefore fitted for such vision of the uncreated Light. If Moses, after having conversed with God in the cloud, came from the divine interview with rays of miraculous light encircling his head; how radiant must have been the face of St. John, which had rested on the very Heart of Jesus, in Whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge (Col. 2: 3). How sublime were his writings! How divine his teaching! Hence the symbol of the Eagle, shown to the Prophet Ezechiel (1: 10; 10: 14), and to St. John himself in his Revelations (Apoc. 4: 7), has been assigned to him by the Church: and to this title of The Eagle has been added, by universal tradition, the other beautiful name of Theologian.

This was the first recompense given by Jesus to His Beloved St. John—a profound penetration into divine Mysteries. The second was the imparting to him of a most ardent charity, which was equally a grace consequent upon his angelic purity, for purity unburdens the soul from groveling egotistic affections, and raises it to a chaste and generous love. St. John had treasured up in his heart the Discourses of His Master: he made them known to the Church, and especially that divine one of the Last Supper, wherein Jesus had poured forth His whole Soul to His own, whom He had always tenderly loved, but most so at the end (John 13: 1). He wrote his Epistles, and Charity is his subject: God is Charity—he that loveth not, knoweth not God—perfect Charity casteth out fear—and so on throughout, always on Love. During the rest of his life, even when so enfeebled by old age as not to be able to walk, he was forever insisting upon all men loving each other, after the example of God, Who had loved so them as to send His only-begotten Son! Thus, he that had announced more clearly than the rest of the Apostles the divinity of the Incarnate Word, was par excellence the Apostle of that divine Charity which Jesus came to enkindle upon the earth.

St. John with Holy MaryBut Our Lord had a further gift to bestow, and it was sweetly appropriate to the Virgin-Disciple. When dying on His Cross, Jesus left Mary upon this earth. St. Joseph had been dead now some years. Who then shall watch over His Mother? Who is there worthy of the charge? Will Jesus send His Angels to protect and console Her? For, surely, what man could ever merit to be to Her a second Joseph? Looking down, He sees the Virgin-Disciple standing at the foot of the Cross: we know the rest. St. John is to be Mary's son: Mary is to be John's Mother. Oh, wonderful Chastity, that wins from Jesus such an inheritance as this! St. Peter, says St. Peter Damian, shall have left to him the Church, the Mother of men; but St. John shall receive Mary, the Mother of God, whom he will love as his own dearest Treasure, and to whom he will stand in Jesus' stead; whilst Mary will tenderly love John, Her Jesus' friend, as Her son.

Can we be surprised after this, that St. John is looked upon by the Church as one of Her greatest glories? He is a relative of Jesus in the flesh; he is an Apostle, a Virgin, the friend of the Divine Spouse, the Eagle, the Theologian, the son of Mary; he is an Evangelist, by the history he has given of the Life of his Divine Master and Friend; he is a Sacred Writer, by the three Epistles he wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost; he is a Prophet, by his beautiful but mysterious Apocalypse, wherein are treasured the secrets of time and eternity. But is he a Martyr? Yes, for if he did not complete his sacrifice, he drank the Chalice of Jesus (Matt. 20: 22), when, after being cruelly scourged, he was thrown into a caldron of boiling oil before the Latin Gate at Rome. He was therefore a Martyr in desire and intention, though not in fact. If Our Lord, wishing to prolong a life so dear to the Church, as well as to show how he loves and honors Virginity, miraculously stayed the effects of the frightful punishment, St. John had, on his part, unreservedly accepted Martyrdom.

Such is the companion of St. Stephen at the Crib, wherein lies our Infant Jesus. If the Protomartyr dazzles us with the robes he wears of the bright scarlet of his own blood; is not the virginal whiteness of St. John's vestment fairer than the untrod snow? The spotless beauty of the Lilies of Mary's adopted Son, and the bright vermillion of St. Stephen's Roses—what is there more lovely than their union? Glory, then, be to our New-Born King, whose court is tapestried with such Heaven-made colors as these! Yes, Bethlehem's Stable is a very heaven on earth, and we have seen its transformation. First we saw Mary and Joseph alone there: they were adoring Jesus in His Crib; then, immediately, there descended a heavenly host of Angels singing the wonderful Hymn; the Shepherds soon followed—the humble, simple-hearted Shepherds; after these entered St. Stephen the Crowned, and St. John the Beloved Disciple; and even before there enters the pageant of the devout Magi, we shall have others coming in, and there will be each day grander glory in the Cave, and gladder joy in our hearts. Oh, this Birth of our Jesus! Humble as it seems, yet how divine! What King or Emperor ever received in his gilded cradle honors like these shown to the Babe of Bethlehem? Let us unite our homage with that given him by these the favored inmates of His court. Yesterday the sight of the Palm in St. Stephen's hand animated us, and we offered to our Jesus the promise of a stronger Faith: today the Wreath that decks the brow of the Beloved Disciple breathes upon the Church the heavenly fragrance of Virginity—a more intense love of Purity must be our resolution, and our tribute to the Lamb.

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